Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )

872 WordsMar 25, 20174 Pages
Introduction Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, also known as ADHD, is a neurobehavioral disorder that develops during childhood and can continue through adulthood. ADHD’s characteristics include inappropriate levels of inattention, impulsivity and motor overactivity. It appears to be the most common childhood behavior disorder today with an estimate of 3-7% of school-aged having ADHD. (Miller, N.J., & Thompson, R. 2013). Through the years, ADHD has had several names, including minimal brain damage, minimal brain dysfunction and hyperkinetic reaction. (Peacock, J. 2002). It causes significant personal, academic and social function and has severe impact in the lives of children and their families. (Meppelink, R., de Bruin,…show more content…
These symptoms could be trouble staying focused on tasks or activities, not listening when being spoken to, not following instructions, finishing tasks, trouble organizing, avoiding or not liking schoolwork or homework, losing things, easily distracted or forgetful in daily activities. The individual must also have six or more symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity. The symptoms could be unable to remain seated, running or climbing when it is inappropriate, unable to play quietly, talks excessively, blurts out answers before a question has been completed, has trouble waiting their turn, or interrupts or intrudes on others. The symptoms must be present long enough to be disruptive and inappropriate to the patient’s developmental level and some of the symptoms must be present before the age of seven. The symptoms also must present in more than one setting, such as school and home or in adult, work and home. The symptoms also should not be linked to some other condition or personality disorder. (Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia, 1p. 1. 2016). ADHD may present additional challenges, as it remains a socially contested diagnosis, and the subject of on-going debate in popular media as well as in medical professions. (Tatlow-Golden, M., Prihodova, L., Gavin, B., Cullen, W., & McNicholas, F. 2016). Causes There have been many theories about the causes of ADHD. People believed ADHD was due to bad parenting, poor schools, head injuries, or too much
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