Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

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Introduction Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one the most common psychiatric disorder in children all over the world estimated at 5 percent of children [1] the symptoms of ADHD is characterized by of hyperactivity, inattention, , and/or impulsivity with before the age of 7, with functional impairment in 2 or more settings[2].Subtypes of ADHD has 4 predominantly hyperactive, predominantly inattentive, a combination of both and not otherwise specified.[3] sleep problems associated with ADHD diagnosis which is very common, which its results may reach up to 70 percent of ADHD children.[4] . Report from the parent of ADHD children’s suggest falling and staying asleep are the most complaints about daytime sleepiness In comparison with other normal children .[5]The relations between sleep and ADHD is complicated and multifaceted.[6] Sleep disturbance may be primary with ADHD, or may secondary to any other causes or medication.[7] On the other side sleep problems can, lead to ADHD-like symptoms or developmental of ADHD [8,9] This relationships are complicated by the use of the medication to manage ADHD, which lead to disturb of sleep in some children[10] some studies suggest improve symptoms of ADHD by improving sleep [11]. Despite extensive research, the complex interactions between ADHD and sleep comorbidities remain unclear. Which may reflect the neuroanatomical and functional overlap in brain regions between sleep regulation, arousal and attention
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