Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )

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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) What is ADHD? Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a psychiatric illness characterized by problems with attention as well as hyperactivity. Individuals also tend to act impulsively. The exact cause is unclear but is likely related to genetic factors as first-degree relatives are often affected. The disease frequently begins in childhood and may progress into adulthood. The condition is also often associated with other psychiatric comorbidities such as anxiety, depression, and drug dependence. Patients with severe cases are often disabled due to problems with cognition, behavior, social functioning, and academic performance. Due to the importance of this condition, it is…show more content…
Most patients who acquire the disease during childhood will continue to meet diagnostic criteria into adulthood. About 4.4% of adult Americans have ADHD, compared to 3.4% worldwide. What are the symptoms and signs of ADHD? Symptoms of ADHD in often include: • Impaired attention • Restlessness (hyperactivity) • Impulsivity Inattention usually manifests with problems focusing on long tasks, problems organizing activities, and difficulty prioritizing and managing time. This often results in missing appointments and deadlines. Impulsivity entails involvement in activities that potentially have high consequences – speeding for example. In adults, symptoms of inattention are the most prevalent - restlessness or impulsivity are usually not as obvious. These symptoms often result in functional impairment, executive dysfunction, and emotional dysregulation. How is ADHD diagnosed? The diagnosis of ADHD is suggested based on symptoms and physical examination. Your doctor may order laboratory tests to rule out metabolic or neurologic disorders that can mimic ADHD. These tests may include a CMP (comprehensive metabolic panel), CBC (complete blood cell count), blood lead levels, thyroid function tests (TSH, free T4), and a urine drug screen. If you doctor is concerned about an underlying neurologic disease, they may consider obtaining a brain MRI and electroencephalogram (EEG). The diagnostic criteria of ADHD is based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental
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