Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd) Is A Neurobehavioral

1784 WordsApr 20, 20178 Pages
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral disorder that emerges during childhood but often results in symptoms that persist into adulthood. Psychologists specifically define it as, “a developmental disorder characterized by developmentally inappropriate levels of hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention” (J. Tarver, 2014). Children with ADHD can be described as having great difficulty paying attention, difficulty controlling their behavior and displaying excessive motor activity (Meyers & Berk, 2016). Most of these behaviors can be typical of children at one point or another, but for a child with ADHD it is common for these symptoms to be constant and cause interference at school, home or with friends. This…show more content…
One subtype is predominantly inattentive meaning the child is especially disorganized and find it hard to finish a task and pay attention to details. This child can be easily distracted and forget things that are even part of their daily routine. Another subtype is predominantly hyper-active impulsive meaning the child is very fidgety, restless and talks incessantly. A child with this subtype may interrupt others often and speak at inappropriate times, which can hinder peer relationships. This child is often reported as being very accident prone compared to typical peers. The final subtype is a combined type meaning both inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms are observed in the child. Symptoms associated with ADHD typically appear during preschool years and as mentioned those symptoms often continue throughout childhood and into adulthood. ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed neurological disorder in children and is also one of the most researched childhood psychiatric disorder. In fact, many researchers believe that ADHD is over diagnosed and medication is too quickly prescribed to treat the disorder without trying alternate treatments like behavior management (Worley, 2017). The prevalence of ADHD worldwide is estimated to have reached 5.29% although there are gender differences with the prevalence being much higher in boys than in girls (Roskam, et al.,
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