Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )

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What is ADHD? According to the Royal Australian College of Physician’s Draft Australian Guidelines (2009, pg 6), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is defined as a pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is more frequent and severe than is typically seen at any given stage of development. There are two main categories in which children with ADHD typically exhibit behaviour: poor sustained attention and hyperactivity impulsiveness. As a result, the APA in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) established three subtypes of the disorder: - Predominantly inattentive - Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive - Combined type A child with predominantly inattentive…show more content…
(http://www.teachadhd.ca/abcs-of-adhd/Pages/Introduction-to-ADHD.aspx#REF5) A full evaluation must be done on the child, looking at medical issues, family history and any significant life events that may cause child to act out. It is important to consider whether these factors play a part so that a misdiagnosis is avoided. One of the greatest difficulties in diagnosing ADHD is that is often found in conjunction with other problem known as co-morbid (or co-existing) conditions. Studies show that approximately two-thirds of children with ADHD have or will develop at least one other co-morbid condition (Rief. 2005, 12). The most common co-morbid conditions are: - Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)- 30-65% - Conduct Disorder (CD)- 25-50% of adolescents. - Depression- 10-47% in adolescents and adults - Tourette’s Syndrome- 7%, though 60% of those with Tourette’s have ADHD - Learning disabilities- 12-60% (Rief. 2005, 12) History The first known description of ADHD was in 1845 by a physician named Dr. Heinrich Hoffman who became interested in writing after he could not find anything to read to his son. Out of this brought forth a book of poems, which included ‘The Story of Fidgety Philip’ and was an accurate description of a child with ADHD (Giuliani & Pierangelo. 2008, 2). It was not until fifty-seven years later that a description of ADHD would come forward and be recognised as the first scientific case
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