Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )

821 WordsMar 7, 20174 Pages
Eisenberg & Esser 1997; Moghadm & Fagan, 1994 have stated ADHD has gone through a series of names since it was first documented in 1845 including “restless syndrome,” “minimal brain dysfunction,” and “hyperkinetic reaction disorder.” “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has become the most widely diagnosed psychiatric condition among children in the United States (Glass, 2001).” The CDC’s website digs deep for evidence being presented while gaining emotional appeal for its credibility as a government agency. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), ADHD is classified into three different categories depending on the symptoms of the child. The first presentation is known as “predominantly inattentive presentation. In…show more content…
The CDC suggests that “genetics play an important role” (CDC, 2016) in the diagnosis of ADHD thus leading to the pathos of our argument. With that being said, “The CDC is calling on doctors, nurses, and allied health professionals who treat young children with ADHD to support parents by explaining the benefits of behavior therapy and refer parents for training in behavior therapy (Knopf, 2016).” With behavior therapy training, parents are taught by a therapist to help establish skills that will aid in their child’s behavior plan that can be incorporated at home or out in the world (Visser, 2016). “It is crucial for therapists not to rely on their intuition [and] instead to strictly adhere to defined, established diagnostic criteria (Ainsworth, 2015 p 455).” More often than not, medicines are prescribed to children to aid in their behaviors. Ainsworth (2015, p 456) goes on to mention because there is no cure for ADHD, stimulants such as methylphenidate and amphetamines are prescribed to neutralize ADHD symptoms to “activate brain circuits that support attention and focused behavior, thus reducing hyperactivity. These medicines have the capacity of being addicted to and being abused. In a study, Marshall (2000, para 4) found that more than half of the children in the community who were receiving the stimulants did not come close to meeting the diagnostic criteria for ADHD. Children with ADHD do not just grow out of the behaviors; most of the time the
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