Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd )

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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a common neurobehavioral disorder. Julien (2010) states that the “dopaminergic activity in the prefrontal cortex of the brain seems to be important in ADHD”. The PFC is a primary component of the brain to regulate behavior, attention and impulse control. Lesions in this part of the brain can contribute to ADHD. When there is not enough norepinephrine and dopamine going to the PFC, ADHD can present itself. According to the DSM-5, the prevalence is 5% of children and 2.5% of adults. The DSM-5 also states that the occurrence of ADHD is more frequent in males than females by 2:1. ADHD can have comorbid diagnosis. These diagnosis can involve oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities, depression and anxiety. When treating ADHD in children there is a lot of support for the benefits of medication. Emerging research goes on to suggest that a behavioral therapy in conjunction with medication is actually best practice for a child. Center for Disease Control (2014) suggests that “Another intervention option to treat ADHD is behavior modification. It is clear that behavior modification therapies, for youth in particular, have been tested and shown beneficial for the treatment of behavioral disorders including ADHD” The CDC goes on to say that most people are using behavior modifications that are not empirically researched for the treatment of ADHD, as a result people become frustrated when there is little or no change in their
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