Attitude of Nurses Towards Hiv/Aids Patient

7371 Words30 Pages
Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology Vol. 3(4), pp. 144-154, April 2011 Available online at ISSN 2141-2316 ©2011 Academic Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Nurses’ knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS: Effects of a health education intervention on two nursing groups in Cairo University, Egypt
Eman Taher and Rehab Abdelhai*
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.
Accepted 3 April, 2011

Information education and communication (IEC) programs are the most effective available approaches for combating the HIV pandemic especially among nurses. The aim of this study is to assess knowledge, perceptions and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS before and after
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Several studies have explored HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of healthcare workers in developing countries. Results revealed existence of anxiety and fear of contagion accompanied by lack of knowledge on HIV transmission and methods of prevention (Mbanya et al., 2001; Walusimbi and Okonsky, 2004; Oyeyemi et al., 2006). Nurses attitudes towards patients with HIV/AIDS have been shown to indicate negative and discriminatory behaviors (Mbanya et al., 2001; Oyeyemi et al., 2006; Reis et al., 2005), while fewer studies have pointed to more empathic attitudes (Walusimbi and Okonsky, 2004). The lack of a vaccine or cure for HIV/AIDS makes information, education and communication (IEC) programs the only available approach for combating the pandemic (International Institute for Educational Planning/UNESCO, 2003). The positive impact of these programs on HIV/AIDS KAP has been previously reported (Uwakwe, 2000; Ezedinachi et al., 2002). It is imperative for nurses to be knowledgeable about HIV/ AIDS transmission, prevention and treatment in order to maintain quality of care while coping with a universal increase in workload (Mazloomy and Baghianimoghadam, 2008). No empirical data exists on the knowledge and attitudes of nurses towards HIV/AIDS at Kasr El Aini Teaching Hospital of Cairo University. Hence the aim of this study was to assess the basic knowledge of these nurses as regard HIV/AIDS and its available
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