Atypical Child and Adolescent Development

3169 Words Apr 22nd, 2012 13 Pages
Atypical Child and Adolescent Development
Fall 2011 - Study Guide for Midterm
Chapters 6, 7, 8, 9
Chapter 6 - Conduct Disorder –
Be familiar with the following concepts and disorders: • Differentiate conduct disorder from oppositional defiant disorder in terms of age, symptoms, severity of symptoms, age of onset, and prognosis.- conduct disorder (childhood) will display one symptom before the age of 10, symptoms- repetitive, persistent pattern of severe aggressive and antisocial acts: inflicting pain on others, stealing vandalism. more aggressive symptoms. more likely in boys, can persist to antisocial behavior over time. conduct disorder (adolescent)- as likely in boys and in girls. no severity or psychopathology of the
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catastrophic thinking. gets in the way of developing friendships, get in the way of academics. age of 7 or 8, common between boys and girls, sometimes seems to go away or diminish but is always there till addressed. 1/3 of cases show fluctuation. how to address it- do trial separations, before preschool and babysitting.

• Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)- can be in children and adolescents. it is about worrying about EVERYTHING. significant worrying, causing problems in your life. There is a lot of muscle tension, autonomic restricters- worrying so much that when they are tested with brain measures you can see that their left side is very active. only in GAD. nothing can stop their worries. 10-14 age, 3-6% prevalence, equal between boys and girls, higher in adolescent girls. Higher rate of clinical depression in this group. about half of the adolescents will diminish the worrying part of it as they grow older, medication is very helpful and self-talk awareness. reinforcement of self-talk. if there are physical symptoms- headaches, stomaches. They have sleep difficulties.

• Specific phobia- it can be an object or a situation. irrational fear of an object or a situation, that gets in the way of their life. categories- natural environment, blood injury, animals, situational, and other. kids naturally have a fear of the dark, insects, 4-10% prevalence, peaks at age 10-13- when its the worst, if a parent has a fear kids can pick it up. home life