Audience About The Evolution Of Special Education

1113 WordsMar 30, 20175 Pages
Kylie Moeller General Purpose: To inform. Specific Purpose: To inform the audience about the evolution of special education. Central Idea: Special Education has transformed over time; placement testing and programs have become more advanced due to increased knowledge of disabilities and the use of technological advances. Introduction According to “The Condition of Education” from the National Center for Education statistics, or NCES, in the 2013-2014 schoolyear there were 6.7 million students, anywhere from the ages of three to twenty-one, receiving special education assistances. That is equivalent to around thirteen percent of all students in the public-school system ( It is anticipated that around 20% to 30% of…show more content…
2. Kelli Esteves and Shaila Rao, the authors of “The Evolution of Special Education”, mentioned two past occasions where special needs students were ignored (Esteves & Rao). a. In 1893, a student was expelled from school simply for “poor academic ability” (Esteves & Rao). b. Almost thirty years later and another student who had cerebral palsy was rejected schooling due to “[producing] a depressing and nauseating effect” he gave to both students and teachers (Esteves & Rao). B. In 1970 the Education for All Handicapped Children Act came about (Bos, Schumm, & Vaughn). 1. What exactly was the Education for All Handicapped Children Act? a. The act supported state-run programs, it focused on the availability of SpEd programs rather than the quality of them. b. However, there were no guidelines provided and the act didn’t specify how they should look (Bos, Schumm, & Vaughn.). C. Things became much more clear in 1982 when the first SpEd case came to the Supreme Court. 1. The ruling said that any student who qualified for these classes had to have these public-school programs available and able to meet each student’s individual need (Esteves & Rao). [Transition: Now that we’ve discussed the past, lets come back to present day to look at what changes have occurred.] II. Today, SpEd students are fortunate enough to have the public-school system on their
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