Audio Lingual Method

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4 The Audio-Lingual Method (Pages 35-51) 1- Compare and contrast the Direct Method and the Audio-Lingual Method. (1) Both are oral-based approaches. (2) The Direct Method emphasizes vocabulary acquisition through exposure to its use in situations; the Audio-Lingual Method drills students in the use of grammatical sentence patterns. (3) Unlike the Direct Method, the Audio-Lingual Method has a strong theoretical base in linguistics and psychology. 2- How has the behavioral psychology influenced the Audio-Lingual Method? (1) It was thought that the way to acquire the sentence patterns of the target language was through conditioning—helping learners to respond correctly to stimuli through shaping and reinforcement. (2) Learners…show more content…
(2) Students need to overlearn the target language. (3) Students need to learn to use the target language automatically without stopping to think. (4) Students achieve this by forming new habits in the target language and overcoming the old habits of their native language. 14- What is the role of the teacher? What is the role of the students? (1) The teacher is like an orchestra leader, directing and controlling the language behavior of her students. (2) The teacher is also responsible for providing students with a good model for imitation. (3) Students are imitators of the teacher's model or the tapes the teacher supplies of model speakers. (4) Students follow the teacher's directions and respond as accurately and as rapidly as possible. 15- What are some characteristics of the teaching/learning process? (1) New vocabulary and structural patterns are presented through dialogs. (2) The dialogs are learned through imitation and repetition. (3) Drills are conducted based upon the patterns present in the dialog. (4) Students' successful responses are positively reinforced. (5) Grammar is induced from the examples given; explicit grammar rules are not provided. (6) Cultural information is contextualized in the dialogs or presented by the teacher. (7) Students’ reading and written work is based upon the oral work they did earlier. 16- What is the nature of student-teacher interaction? What is the nature of
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