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Essay on Augustus Caesar

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Augustus Caesar

Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (Octavian as he was called until the adoption by
Caesar, later called Augustus Caesar) was born 23 September, 63 BC. Augustus was the grand-nephew of Julius Caesar and later became his heir after he learned that his grand-uncle had adopted him. Augustus Caesar was with out a doubt the greatest political leader in the Roman Empire. He made Rome what think of it as and what we study today. Octavian’s first public appearance was in 51 BC when he delivered his grandmother’s eulogy. In 48 BC he started his political career when he was elected to pontifical college. In 45 BC he went with Caesar to Spain and in 44 BC when Caesar was killed he discovered he had been adopted by him.
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They fought a fierce naval battle with all sorts of ships. In
September Octavian had managed to blockade Antony and Cleopatra’s ships. Attempting to break free, Antony lost the battle but he and Cleopatra managed to flee the battle early and went to Egypt. The next year Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide and Octavian annexed
Egypt as a province. Octavian was now in command of the entire Roman Empire.
Octavian knew that he needed to reform the government because the old way was not working any longer. He managed to give land to 100,000 veterans and paid the original landowners Egyptian money. He also formed a permanent army and navy which swore allegiance to him. Octavian elected himself consul, but in 27 BC offered to lay down his powers, but the Senate disapproved and urged him to continue. They awarded him the title of Augustus, which means Exalted or Majestic One. From then on he was referred to as Augustus Caesar. Augustus also became the tribune and received power for life and became the protector of the Roman people. His backbone of his power was his army but he didn’t keep the majority of his army in Italy though for fear that generals and senators may ally and stage a revolt. Augustus had 28 legions totaling approximately 400,000 men which he placed around the borders to keep barbaric warriors from entering. In following years Augustus received many significant privileges and honors.
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