Australi A Developed Country With A Good Health System And South Africa Developing Country

868 WordsApr 4, 20164 Pages
1. INTRODUCTION Comparing two countries with a similar background, where both countries have been colonized at some point in time by another country that is technologically advanced, it leaves me with a question. Why then is one country more stable in its Health status whilst the other is struggling?.This document will focus on the comparison of Australia, a developed country with a good health system and South Africa a developing country that needs more attention in public health interventions. 2. WHAT IS PUBLIC HEALTH? The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines public health as the “organized measures, whether public or private, to prevent disease, promote health, and prolong life among the population as a whole. Its activities aim to provide conditions in which people can be healthy and focus on entire populations, not on individual patients or diseases. Thus, public health is concerned with the total system and not only the eradication of a particular disease.” (Coovadia, n.d). From my perspective the public health concepts involves the conscious decision by every individual in society to create an environment that is conducive to good health. These individuals could be a Politician with the power to influence healthy legislations, or just a restaurant Chef who sterilizes the kitchen utensils regularly. 3. PUBLIC HEALTH IN A DEVELOPED AND A DEVELOPING COUNTRY 3.1 Overview History of Australia Australia is a country that was colonised in the 17th Century by the

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