Australia 's Indigenous People Of The World 's Most Ancient Living Cultures

1737 WordsApr 13, 20177 Pages
People who are not from Australia, may have never heard the word Indigenous or know the meaning behind it. If they have heard the word they might not know about Australia’s Indigenous people. Maybe when they think of Australia they automatically think of British convicts. Only the British convicts weren’t the first people to own the land in Australia, there come people way before them and they are still fighting for their rights and land today. It is said that humans have been on this continent from somewhere around 60,000 years. “Prior to British settlement, more than 500 Indigenous nations inhabited the Australian continent, approximately 750,000 people in total. Their cultures had developed over 60,000 years, making Indigenous…show more content…
“The first Tasmanians used large sandstone overhangs and limestone cave systems as permanent shelters from the cold winds that cut across a frozen landscape. Throughout the Pleistocene a thick icesheet covered the highland plateaus, and glaciers flowed down the mountain valleys within a few kilometres of where the people had made their homes. They lived in caves in the south-west hinterland as well as sandstone rock shelters in close proximity to the ancient coastline.” They found ways to quickly adapt to the land that surrounded them. Learning new things each day in order to survive. Aboriginals could have never guessed that their whole world was going to change in such a short amount of time. “The arrival of Lt James Cook in 1770 marked the beginning of the end for this ancient way of life. Cook was followed soon enough by the arrival of the First Fleet, in January of 1788, under the command of Captain Arthur Phillip, whose mission was to establish a penal colony and take control of Terra Australia for settlement.” With the arrival of the first British ships everything that was once known for Australia’s Indigenous people was completely destroyed. “It is estimated that between 1788 and 1900, the Indigenous population of Australia was reduced by 90%. Three main reasons for this dramatic population decline were: The introduction of new diseases, Settler acquisition of Indigenous lands, Direct and
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