Australia 's Parliamentary Democracy And If It Is Effective

1287 WordsDec 7, 20166 Pages
Australia, a country with a population of more than 22 million has quite the complex governmental system. Australia is known as a federation, a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy all in one. As a result, Australia has a queen, who resides in the United Kingdom, but is represented by a Governor-General in Australia. Following, a Prime Minister governs the country. In addition, there is a two-chamber Commonwealth Parliament that makes the laws. This diverse government is often referred to as the Westminster System. The goal of this paper is to examine Australia’s representative parliamentary democracy and if it is effective. Australia’s parliamentary democracy consists of the Queen, the Prime Minister, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The parliament is the foundation of Australia’s government. The parliament makes laws and holds the government and ministers accountable. First, the Queen is known as the ‘head of state’. The Governor-General represents the Queen of Australia, presently Elizabeth II. Peter Cosgrove, the Governor-General has a wide range of powers. Some of his roles, exercised under the authority of the Australian Constitution include: “appointing ambassadors, ministers and judges, giving Royal Assent to legislation, and issuing writs for elections and bestowing honours. The Governor-General is also Commander-in-Chief of the Australian Defense Force” ("Governors-General"). The Governor-General is to follow the conventions of the
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