Australian Curriculum

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INTRODUCTION.

Curriculum is designed to develop successful learners. Confident and creative individuals and active and informed citizens (MCEECDYA, 2008, p.13). In 2008, the Australian Government promised to deliver a fair and equitable curriculum for the national’s educational system, taking the task away from the State and Local Governments. The purpose of this was to create an even level of education throughout the country whether in Hobart of Cape York, and to ensure our nations position into the 21st century. This essay will demonstrate the Nation’s curriculum, its structure and development ready for its initial implementation in 2011.

THE STRUCTURE OF AUSTRALIAN CURICULUM.
The Australian Curriculum Assessment and Reporting
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The National Curriculum can be viewed publicly and feedback is encouraged on the Australian Curriculum Website www.australiancurriculum.edu.au (ACARA, 2009.) Brady and Kennedy (2008) indicate the benefit of the national curriculum and common testing, stating, you can be confident that the test being done is pretty much the same test an aboriginal student will be doing in elsewhere in Australia.

VARIOUS DEFINITIONS OF CURRICULUM.
The origins of the word curriculum date back to ancient times and in fact the work comes from the Latin word of currere: a course or race or to run (Smith, 1996,2000). Over many decades, people have argued over the various definitions. Tanner (1980) defined it as “the planned and guided learning experiences and intended outcomes”, whilst Pratt (1980) defined it as a written document describing goals planned, objectives, content and evaluation. So s it a course of study? Or can it be defined as content or a product( Marsh, 2008). Marsh (2008) goes on to include that at a variety of learning sites are a set of objectives for student learning. We can also relate this to Tyler’s objective curriculum model being that the first step to curriculum is always to set the objective. The Model of Taba from 1962, is the same model at Tyler’s but includes interaction and flow between all four stages, so we do not always need the objective before we start writing the content to the curriculum.
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