Australian Drought Research Paper

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A drought is a natural hazard that occurs from a prolonged period of below average precipitation and primarily consists of abnormally dry conditions, which decreases the supply of water to support the continuing needs of the environment, agriculture, and society. Australia, being the driest inhabited continent in the world, is immensely prone to droughts due to an array of geographical factors. A predominant cause of droughts in Australia is El Niño. An El Niño occurs when sea surface temperatures exceeds substantially warmer than average which causes a shift in atmospheric circulation. As a result, the consequence of El Niño is reduced rainfall, warmer waters and higher temperatures. This has a significant effect on the occurrence of droughts
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