Austrian Republic And Landlocked Country

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.1 Introduction Austria is a federal republic and landlocked country, located in the central of Europe. It contains nine states and has a population of more than 8.5 million. It is bordered by Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Slovenia and Italy to the south, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. Austria has around 84,000 square kilometers land area, and most of them is mountainous because of Alps. The capital and largest city is Vienna, a population of more than 1.7 million. Austria is a highly developed capitalist country, is one of the richest countries in the world today, with per heads GDP of $45,560, and human development index in 2014 ranked 21st in the world. Official language of the country is German and 79 percent of the residents are Catholic. .2 Background Austria’s predecessor is the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Austro-Hungarian Empire was the one of five traditional European big power. Its most famous thing in history is the crown prince archduke Ferdinand Mafia was assassinated, which triggered the First World War. The Austro-Hungarian Empire belongs to allied camps during the war, the Allies finally defeat in 1918. During the war, the country had unprecedented political turbulence, and finally disintegrated, divided into several countries. In 1945, after the defeat of Nazi Germany, Austria occupied by Allies and the Soviet. Austria announced to become a country until it signed national treaty in 1955. After
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