Authority, Accountability & Responsibility

2841 WordsAug 11, 201112 Pages
AUTHORITY, ACCOUNTABILITY & RESPONSIBILITY By Yusop B. Masdal I. INTRODUCTION Delegation (or deputation) is the assignment of authority and responsibility to another person (normally from a manager to a subordinate) to carry out specific activities (Blair, gerald 2002). However the person who delegated the work remains accountable for the outcome of the delegated work. Delegation empowers a subordinate to make decisions, i.e. it is a shift of decision-making authority from one organizational level to a lower one. Delegation, if properly done, is not abdication. The opposite of effective delegation is micromanagement, where a manager provides too much input, direction, and review of delegated work. In general, delegation is…show more content…
The entire process of delegation involves four steps. They are: 1. The determination of results expected from persons in a position 2. The assignment of tasks to persons 3. The delegation of authority for accomplishing tasks 4. The holding of people responsible for the accomplishment of these tasks. II. AUTHORITY According to Henry Fayol, “Authority is the right to give orders and the power to exact obedience”. According to Mooney and Reily, "Authority is the principle at the root of Organisation and so important that it is impossible to conceive of an Organisation at all unless some person or persons are in a position to require action of others." It is a manager's formal and legitimate right to make decisions, issue orders, and allocate resources to achieve organizationally desired outcomes. Authority is the legitimate power of a leader to direct individuals to take action within the scope of the leader’s position. All leaders regardless of rank are responsible to exercise their authority to accomplish the mission. Equally important; however, is the idea that when an individual is given responsibility for a mission, the individual must also be given the degree of authority necessary to carry it out. Authority in management is the formal or legitimate authority specified in a charter that gives a project manager the authority to act in the name of the
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