Essay about Autism

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1. Definition
Autism- is a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before the age of 3, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences.

2. Common Characteristics
Inability to use speech for communication
Withdrawal from people
Unusual bodily movements and peculiar mannerisms
Abnormal responses to one or more types of sensory stimuli, sound or touch
Lack of appropriate play
Preoccupation with hands (flapping)
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Autistic infants often show little or no interest in other people and lack typical social behaviors. For example, they may not smile at their mother's voice or make eye contact with caregivers. Autistic children fail to develop normal relationships with their parents, brothers or sisters, and other children. Often they seem unaware of the needs and feelings of other people, and may not respond if another person is hurt or in distress. They also fail to make friends.
Children with autism usually play alone. Often they engage in repetitious activities, such as arranging objects in meaningless patterns, flipping a light switch on and off, or staring at rotating objects. Some engage in repetitious body movements, such as spinning, flapping their arms, swaying, rocking, snapping their fingers, and clapping or flapping their hands. In some cases these movements may be harmful, involving repeated biting of their wrists or banging their head. Children with autism frequently become upset at minor changes in their surroundings and daily routines.
Autistic children also have difficulties with language. Some never learn to speak or develop very limited speech. An autistic child may say "you" when he means "I" and produce incorrectly formed sentences. Autistic children may also demonstrate echolalia, mechanically repeating words or phrases that other people say.
About 75 percent of autistic children are

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