Autism Is A Neurological Development Disorder

967 Words Aug 13th, 2014 4 Pages
Autism is a neurological development disorder that affects one in eighty-eight people. In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fourth edition(DSM-IV) there were five types of autism. They were all listed under what is called Autism Spectrum Disorder. People on the spectrum range from dysfunctional to functional. The most functional form is called, Asperger 's Syndrome. People with Asperger 's Syndrome have above average intelligence; the people on the other end of the spectrum tend to have average or below average intelligence. There are many symptoms of Asperger 's Syndrome, but not all of the symptoms meet the other symptoms of the different types of autism. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) has taken Asperger 's Syndrome and three other diagnosed mental disorders and put them all into the autism spectrum disorder eliminating Asperger 's Syndrome as a diagnosed mental illness, but in fact these disabilities should be different because the symptoms of these disorders affect the human body in different ways. Autism is currently one of the most studied mental disorders on the planet, but very little is known about the disorder. This includes Asperger 's Syndrome. Hans Asperger, who discovered Asperger 's Syndrome, writes "Autism in this sense refers to a fundamental disturbance of contact that is manifest in an extreme form in schizophrenic patients"(Asperger 38). This means an autistic person meets the…
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