Autism Relates to Exposure to Ionizing and Non-ionizing Radiation for Pregnant Woman

936 Words Feb 24th, 2018 4 Pages
Some of the nonionizing exposures could include radio frequencies, microwaves and especially ultrasounds in women when going for their monthly checkups. When looking at ionizing radiation, in utero exposure could be carcinogenic, mutagenic, or teratogenic (Williams, 2010). Carcinogenic is radiation that directly causes cancer. Mutagenic involves when X-rays are capable of creating a mutation. Teratogenic can interrupt with normal embryonic development and produce risks with the developing fetus. These effects depend on the exposure level of the radiation and the stage of the fetal development (Williams, 2010). Regardless of the dose of radiation, the long term risk of their offspring having autism is still increased. The amount of radiation that the mother and the child should be exposed to should be monitored and kept at a low dose through the entire pregnancy. Ultrasounds have been a big issue in how it can cause a child to have Autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Risks of Ionizing radiation during pregnancy depends on the amount of prenatal exposure and the stage of development the embryo is at. During organogenesis, two to seven weeks of fertilization, is when the embryo has a higher risk to major effects of radiation (Williams, 2010).

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