Autism Spectrum Disorder And Autism

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Throughout the course of life there are several different disorders that have been well known from many years ago. There is one disorder that was diagnosed in the early 1800’s but it wasn’t until a few years ago that it gained lots of attention. What used to be known as Autism was later renamed in the DSM to Autism Spectrum Disorder meaning, a neurodevelopmental disorder rather than a pervasive developmental disorder (Gargiulo, 2015). Autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disorder characterized by abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a restricted repertoire of activity and interests (Gargiulo, 2015). The IDEA describes autism as developmental disability that affects all areas of communication in an individual and also interferes with his/her education (Gargiulo, 2015). Autism is one of the fastest growing developmental disability (Xin & Sutman, 2001). Autism was first dianosed in 1943 by a psychiatrist named Leo Kanner in a hospital in Baltimore. Kanner described eleven children with an “inability to relate themselves in the normal way to people and situations”. Kanner used the term autistic, which means “to escape from reality”, to describe this condition. The word autistic was borrowed from a term used to describe schizophrenia that means to withdrawal from relationships (Gargiulo, 2015). In 2004 Autism was added to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (Gargiulo, 2015). In this paper we will discuss the

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