Autism Spectrum Disorder And Autism Essay

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Autism and Asperger’s are two syndromes that are now looked as being part of the ‘Autism Spectrum Disorder’. Asperger’s is on the high functioning end while Autism is on the low functioning end. Before the ‘autism spectrum’ was created, in nineteen forty-three and nineteen forty-four, a psychiatrist named Leo Kanner and German scientist named Hans Asperger discovered Autism and Asperger’s. Their research included looking at cases of children who were different and had qualities of aloneness, obsessiveness, and trouble with social interactions. Leo Kanner and Hans Asperger helped others understand children who were different and helped us today as we used their research to further the identification of Autism Spectrum Disorder. Leo Kanner was born in Austria in 1894 but he went to school in Berlin. He came to the United States in nineteen twenty four where he received a position as an assistant doctor at a hospital in South Dakota. In 1930, he moved to Johns Hopkins hospital, where he founded the first child psychiatry clinic in the country. He then wrote his first book in 1935 called Child Psychiatry that defined his definition of child psychiatry and what he found in his research. In 1938 he started his research on eleven children and started to write his next article and first described the syndrome of infantile autism (“LETTER TO THE EDITOR Asperger (1906–1980) and Kanner (1894–1981), the Two Pioneers of Autism”) Leo Kanner wrote the article “Autistic Disturbances of
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