Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd )

1857 Words Oct 23rd, 2016 8 Pages
Before the publication of the DSM-5, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was diagnosed as four separate disorders: autistic disorder, Asperger’s Syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PPD-NOS) (Kress & Paylo, 2015). This was changed because it was discovered by researchers that the separate diagnoses were not consistently being diagnosed or applied with all treatment facilities, mental health providers, doctors or clinics (Kress & Paylo, 2015).
Why are these “symptoms” and/or behaviors considered a “disorder?”
There are two symptoms presented by those who are diagnosed with ASD, deficiency in social interaction and communication, as well as restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, interest or activities (Kress & Paylo, 2105). Autism Spectrum Disorder may be a problem for kids because it interferes with the manner in which they communicate. Children diagnosed with ASD may not be able to appropriately express their needs to the adults around them (Autism Society, 2016). Children who are not diagnosed with ASD have brains that are able to translate the things they touch, taste, smell, hear or experience. Those diagnosed with ASD, brain has difficulty understanding the aforementioned , making it challenging for these kids to communicate with the world around them (Autism Society, 2016).
A child diagnosed with ASD has struggles comprehending social or emotional cues that normative children are able to make. The…

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