Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd )

1364 Words Apr 23rd, 2015 6 Pages
Autism spectrum disorder
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the fastest growing category in special education. It is a neurodevelopmental disorder generally diagnosed before the age of three. Its main factors include: repetitive stereotyped patterns of behavior, impairment in communication, and impairment in the area of social interaction (Heward, 1996). The DSM-IV “identifies ASD as part of a larger grouping, pervasive developmental disorders (PDD). According the DSM-IV-TR there are five subtypes of PDD: autistic disorder, Aspergcr 's syndrome (AS), childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), Rett 's syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)” (Meadan, Halle, & Ebata, 2010).

How does it affect the family?
Family members may be heavily impacted by an individual 's behavior with ASD. Many studies have shown that while stress from parenting a child on the spectrum impacts both parents, it often has a greater impact on mothers than fathers. The main cause of stress for mothers was the challenging behavior of the child. ASD children have more outbursts than other developmentally delayed children, according to mothers. The extra stress could be attributed to stress of extra care of these children leaving less time for fun activities. (Johnson & Simpson, 2013). “Parents, primarily mothers, of individuals with ASD reported significantly more stress and lower levels of well-being than both parents of children without…

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