Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd )

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BACKGROUND
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a condition that affects a group of complex disorders of brain development. Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by difficulties with social interactions, social communication and an unusually restricted range of behaviors and interest (David R. Simmons, 2009). It seems that autism is a new condition because most of research about this condition has occurred since the 1980. However, Autism has been around for a much longer time than that, people just didn’t know about it.
One of the first documented reference about autism was made by Jean-Marc-Gaspard Itard. He was a French Physician that start his studies about autism with a little boy called Victor. This boy presented a number of signs of autism and has lived his whole childhood alone in France in 1797. (Mcguinness) Jean- Marc-Gaspard Itard treated him with a behavioral program designed to aid him form social attachments and to induce speech via imitation.
In 1908, the word of autism was created by Paul Eugen Bleuler. He was a Swiss psychiatrist that focuses his studies on symptoms of schizophrenia. The word autism comes from the Greek word autos meaning “self”. He believed that autism was “the childhood of schizophrenia” (Jerome Blake & H Eugene Hoyme, 2013).
In 1944, Hans Asperger submitted his thesis about autism. The name of his thesis is “Autistic psychopathy in childhood” and it was about four kids with a pattern of actions he named “autistic psychopathy”.

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