Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd )

1998 Words8 Pages
Introduction
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is one of the most researched child disorders. It affects every 1 in 100 people, affecting 4 times the amount of boys than it does girls. ASD can be detected in children as early as 18 months and is a lifelong condition affecting the social and communitive interactions in child’s life. Autism affects every person differently and to a different degree of severity. The symptoms of Autism present differently in each case and differ in development. The understanding of the disorder has come a long way and research has allowed better knowledge to be attained. Through the use of DSM-5, ADI-R ADOS there have been systems developed in order to help diagnose ASD, and therefore help manage the symptoms
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This paper works through the belief that Music Therapy can be a useful tool in increasing social, communicative, cognitive and emotional levels, as well as helping to restore and improve self-confidence and an awareness of self for both children and adolescents with ASD.
Autism
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a condition affecting 1 in every 100 people. ASD causes communication difficulties, sleep dysfunction and restrictions in movement. Autism is a lifelong condition affecting the way a person relates to their environment and interactions with people. This condition affects nearly 4 times the amount of boys than it does girls. Within Autism Spectrum Disorder, the word ‘spectrum’ refers to the different ranges of difficulty that a person with Autism will experience. There are different levels of affectedness ranging from being able to live a normal life to then someone struggling with learning difficulties or needing ongoing, everyday support (Randall et al., 2016; "What Is Autism?”, 2016).
It is extensively recognized that within the condition of ASD there is a scale in the severity of the symptoms. These symptoms vary a great deal and show themselves differently in each individual case of ASD. The clinical presentations of these symptoms again present differently in each child and then develop differently again with age. Therefore the spectrum system is put in place providing a quantitative measure that allows
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