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Autism Spectrum Disorder : Autism, Asperger Syndrome, And Atypical Autism

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Autism spectrum disorder is a spectrum of psychological conditions which all consist of problems pertaining to social interactions, communication, and highly repetitive behavior. There are three main forms of Autism spectrum disorder: Autism, Asperger syndrome, and Atypical Autism. Autism is a developmental disability which results from a neurological disorder that affects the normal functioning of the brain (Lord, Cook, Leventhal, & Amaral, 2013). It first appears during the stages of infancy to early childhood stages. Autism is a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three-five years of life. Autism is a result of a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain (Carter, Messinger,…show more content…
Kanner began using the term to describe children whose behaviors were socially and emotionally withdrawn from other peers. from then until the 1960 's, many researchers and therapists believed that autism and schizophrenia were liked disorders (Rogers, & Vismara, 2008). During that time, initial treatments for autism included the use of LSD, electric shock, and behavior change techniques, which regularly relied on punishment and pain in order to change their behaviors (Rogers, & Vismara, 2008).
In order for an individual to be diagnosed with Autism, the individual must have qualifications stated in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) (Kim, Fombonne, Koh, Kim, Cheon, & Leventhal, 2014). These qualifications that are included in the DSM-IV are symptoms of qualitative impairment in social interaction and communication, restricted repetitive and stereotypical patterns of behaviors, interests, activities, and delays in functioning (Kim, Y. S., Fombonne, tell. 2014). Researchers have found that structural differences, such as size and composition, can have a significant impact on how the autistic brain processes information. Therefore, there is a variation between what researchers describe as a "normal person" and one who is diagnosed with Autism. Structural differences cause children who have autism, would have impaired social interaction and difficulty with communication, both verbal and nonverbal. During the early stages of Autism,
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