Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay

1395 WordsJul 22, 20086 Pages
Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism is a brain development disorder that a child is usually born with. The disorder was first described in 1943 (Goldman, 2003, p.852). It is know to affect about 1 in 1000 people in the U.S and is more common in males than in females (Goldman, 2003, p.852). The symptoms are very widely ranged. In general, there is failure to develop language and communication skills, unable to form normal social relation ships, and a need to follow a routine. Symptoms Many children show symptoms from birth. They might arch their back while holding them to avoid any physical contact with the person holding them. Other children appear normal until about 12-18 months (Goldman, 2003, p.853).about half of parents start to…show more content…
From toddlers on up the symptoms just tend to get worse and worse. They begin to show less attention to social stimuli, they smile and look at others less, and will respond less to their own name. Autism causes problems with verbal skills. About a third to a half of people with autism do not develop enough natural speech to meet their daily communication needs (Duijn, 2006, p.44).The might babble but not really talk, they tend to babble a lot during the ages between 1 and 2 but in the ages 2 and 3 there is less frequent and less diverse babbling, consonants, words, and word combinations. They might also have a problem with imaginative play or even developing symbols into language (Duijn, 2006, p.45). For example, someone is trying to show the person with autism something by pointing at the object, instead of looking at what the person is pointing at they look at the hand that is doing the pointing not being able to grab the concept of what is going on. There are many symptoms to having autism and they are all similar just in different forms or versions. They can be stereotypy which is a repetitive movement. The person may rock their body back and forth, crossing and uncrossing their legs, march in place, or rolling their head around. Compulsive behavior is having everything a certain way and in a certain place all the time. They could be showing a symptom called sameness, where the child or person will resist change. Say their caregiver

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