Autism Spectrum Disorders Essay

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This paper will discuss the characteristics or Autism Spectrum Disorder, including its symptoms, treatments, and possible causes. This paper will also highlight the differences between Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASD) and Asperger Disorder(AD). Autism spectrum disorders effect one in 110 births in the United States. Autism spectrum disorders are severe, incurable developmental disorders whose symptoms, including impairments in social interaction and communication, emerge during the first two years of life. Asperger disorder distinguishes from Autistic disorder because its presence may not become clear until primary school, when its social and behavioral effects become problematic. Autism spectrum disorders, a research paper written by Bruce…show more content…
Other times there is a plateau of development, which makes the autism more noticeable. Language and speech of those with autism is delayed. Most children say words by the time they are one, but children with autism may not speak until they are five to nine years old and some remain mute their entire life. Some with relatively good language skills speak like adults and are never able to master the language of their peers. Most of the time they have “Echolalia”, which the Merriam Webster dictionary defines as, “the often pathological repetition of what is said by other people as if echoing them.” While children without ASD also parrot what their parents say, their repetition stops by age three. Not only do they repeat words and phrases, they also practice repetitive behavior. People with autism frequently have repetitive motor mannerisms including hand flapping, finger flicking, and tiptoe walking. Repetitive behavior often appears in the form of obsessively learning about certain subjects like vacuum cleaners, train schedules, or coins. Often times they have a great interest in numbers, symbols, or science topics. Children with autism do not realize that other people feel differently and have different priorities than them. They have a very difficult time understanding social cues. A simple wink or smile has no

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