Autobiographical Memory Errors : Episodic Memory

1865 Words8 Pages
Autobiographical Memory Errors Episodic memory represents memories of experiences and specific events in time in a serial form, from which one can reconstruct the actual events that took place at any given point in our lives. It is the memory of autobiographical events (times, places, associated emotions and other contextual knowledge) that can be explicitly stated. Individuals tend to see themselves as actors in these events, and the emotional charge and the entire context surrounding an event is usually part of the memory, not just the bare facts of the event itself. The brain is the center of the memories, and it receives information about experiences in random manner until the data is brought back up or a specific memory itself. Memory is the ‘glue’, in effect, that holds intellectual processes together, from perception, attention, and language, to reasoning, decision-making, and problem solving (Richardson-Klavehn and Bjork 2005). Memory also plays a critical role in social and emotional functioning, because it is a sense of whom one is and other people are from factual and autobiographical information in memories(Richardson-Klavehn and Bjork 2005). Forgetting is also a part of memory. Short-term retention is a necessary stage for the stable acquisition of new information in long-term memory. Since the memories of the event that occurred was over a year ago the factors of long-term memory loss need to be considered as well as memory errors. Understanding why and how
Open Document