Autonomic Nervous System and Obj

8649 WordsFeb 13, 201335 Pages
Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Motives activate behavior and propel the organism a.|to flee.|c.|toward goals.| b.|to respond.|d.|to drives.| ANS: C DIF: 2 REF: 9-188 OBJ: 1 MSC: TYPE: Factual 2. The study of motivation is an attempt to understand __________ a behavior occurs. a.|why|c.|when| b.|how|d.|all of these| ANS: A DIF: 1 REF: 9-188 OBJ: 1 MSC: TYPE: Factual NOT: BTC 3. Psychologists define hypothetical states that activate behavior and propel one towards goals as a.|needs.|c.|drives.| b.|motives.|d.|incentives.| ANS: B DIF: 1 REF: 9-188 OBJ: 1 MSC: TYPE: Factual 4. Motives are described as hypothetical states because a.|they cannot be seen or measured directly.| b.|they cannot be measured.|…show more content…
a.|drive|c.|compulsion| b.|impulse|d.|incentive| ANS: D DIF: 1 REF: 9-188 OBJ: 1 MSC: TYPE: Factual 21. Lower car insurance rates serve as a(n) __________ for good driving. a.|incentive|c.|stimulus| b.|drive|d.|motive| ANS: A DIF: 2 REF: 9-188 OBJ: 1 MSC: TYPE: Applied 22. Instinctual behavior is indicative of a.|unlearned responses.|c.|species-specific responses.| b.|genetically transmitted behaviors.|d.|all of these| ANS: D DIF: 2 REF: 9-188 OBJ: 2 MSC: TYPE: Conceptual 23. The evolutionary perspective describes behaviors that a.|come naturally to a species.|c.|are nurtured.| b.|must be learned.|d.|require environmental experience.| ANS: A DIF: 1 REF: 9-188 OBJ: 2 MSC: TYPE: Factual 24. The observation that birds reared in isolation from other birds have the capacity to build nests without observation or learning experience provides evidence for the a.|nurture theory.|c.|needs theory.| b.|evolutionary perspective.|d.|learning theory.| ANS: B DIF: 2 REF: 9-188 OBJ: 2 MSC: TYPE: Conceptual 25. William McDougall (1908) compiled a list of 12 human _________ that included hunger, sex, and self-assertion. a.|impulses|c.|incentives| b.|releasers|d.|instincts| ANS: D DIF: 2 REF: 9-188 OBJ: 2 MSC: TYPE: Factual 26. Research regarding human instincts agrees with all of the following EXCEPT: a.|Human behavior is biologically influenced but not controlled.| b.|There are 12 basic human instincts.| c.|The question regarding human

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