Aviation Security and Al Qaeda in Yemen: Findings and Recommendations

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Aviation Security and al Qaeda in Yemen Aviation Security and al Qaeda in Yemen: According to reports by many administration officials, al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) has tried on various occasions to attack the United States homeland. As a result, the Yemen-based terrorist group or organization is regarded as the most lethal affiliate of al-Qaeda network. Since December 2009 to December 2010, AQAP has tried to attack the American homeland at least of two separate occasions. The first attack involved a suicide bombing using an underwear explosive device on commercial aviation over Detroit on Christmas Day 2009. The second attempt entailed the use of explosive devices encased in office printers in November 2010 on a cargo aircraft. The ability of the organization to conduct its operations from Yemen originates from the fact that the country is considered as a failed state, which makes it a safe haven for such operations. While both of the attempts failed, they have demonstrated the ongoing weaknesses in United States homeland security. However, the Administration and Congress have recently endorsed an ongoing commitment of America's resources to counterterrorism and stabilization initiatives. Despite of these initiatives, many analysts state that security problems originating from Yemen may persist because of the country's political climate and development challenges (Sharp, 2012). The Two Attempted Attacks: On Christmas Day, December 2009, a potential

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