Aviation & Transportation Security Act

2424 Words Sep 18th, 2013 10 Pages
Aviation

Aviation and Transportation Security Act

Abstract
The passage of the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA) in 2001 changed the way the aviation industry operated and how passengers travel. The ATSA forced the US Government and aviation to change its security culture to ensure protection of passengers and employees from future attacks like those that occurred on September 11, 2001. The ATSA was passed and signed into law in direct response to the security vulnerabilities that surfaced during the 9/11 attacks. This paper will demonstrate how the ATSA affected how US Government agencies and aviation industry upgraded security processes in an effort to prevent terrorists from attacking the US in the future.
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The transfer of airport security from the privatized system to the government-controlled system has so far prevented a repeat of September 2011, but this new system has caused negative press and public uproars about personal privacy issues (GAO, 2008).
In November 2001, President Bush signed the ATSA into law creating the TSA as the new federal government agency in charge of airport security (CRS, 2001). With the TSA as lead, aviation security enhancement was standardized. Today, only one agency is responsible for all screening procedures along with comprehensive passenger and employee background checks. TSA control has provided standardized security regulations, procedures, processes, requirements, and training at all airports (GAO, 2008). Prior to ATSA, all airport security policies and procedures were general and vague. After passage of the ATSA, federal security agencies are now required to share vital security information about passengers and employees with airlines and airports. This includes crosschecks with the FBI and other watch lists (GAO, 2008).
The TSA required and established the same security standards at all airports under their control. The ATSA requires TSA inspections of all checked baggage with the use of X-rays, hand searches, sniffer-dogs, as well as other technological systems. Since 2002, all checked baggage has been inspected
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