The majority of the time, people think about inequality as being a combination of social class, race, and ethnicity. As a matter of fact, most people still use appearances to decide if a person comes from a good or bad social class or status depending on their race and the color of their skin, which proves absolutely nothing.
“1]. How does social inequality impact people of different nationalities [ethnicities & races], classes, and genders in society.”
Social inequality is defined as the unequal distribution of social and economical resources. There are unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions and statuses within a group or society. Because there is social inequality, people have less life chances meaning less educational and occupational opportunities, which prevents movement on the social ladder. This gives authority to the rich because the rich own the means of production, giving capitalists the power to exercise it by exploiting the poor working class. An individual interest and not that of a community drive the rich. Such differences degrade and stigmatize the social class with less money and opportunities causing social stratification.
My interviewees also daily experience inequality based on what kind of gender they are, this is called gender segregation. For example, my female interviewees explained how they try to work on the same work that a male does, but the employers don't hire them, and pay females differently. Some said that males do not always take female's opinion seriously, and ignore them. Especially, people think they are weak and don't know nothing. It is very hard to be a female, as one of interviewees explained they receive sexual harassment at work and school. In addition, one of interviewees was job hunting. She found a place where they were hiring. They ended up telling her that they only hire males and to look somewhere else. As for males they receive better jobs and incomes than females. But then again as one of my interviewees said that because he is a man, it is expected to be strong and handle everything that comes in his way. This also relates to gender discrimination and it also to class stratification. For instance, Adalberto Aguirre stated, “Males and females within an ethnic subpopulation do not receive the same levels of income. In general, women earn less than men—a fact that is accounted for by their distribution in different kinds of occupations. Men are overrepresented in higher-paying jobs, but there is considerable difference among ethnic subpopulations.” Females are just seen more inferior than males. Even if you come from an ethnic group, males will still have trouble with income, but not as much as females do. Even though the males earn more income than females, they will still struggle, financially. They are from an ethnic group, they look different, and have different skin color, therefore race really impacts someone in the
Social inequality was also applied to the structure of class, caste, and slavery. Gender roles in society for various second-wave civilizations were also very different. From Greece to China, social inequality and gender inequality was always unfair no matter what class or caste an individual is in.
Social inequality can practically be made apparent at any moment of someone’s life – whether at work or school amongst peers or simply watching the news in the morning. According to Dalton Conley, social inequality is narrowly defined as “a condition in which a difference in wealth, power, prestige, or status based on nonnatural conventions exist” (2017 p.241). Moreover, social inequality is a process whereby society can determine how a class of people is expected to coexist within predetermined social, political, and economic boundaries. The affected class will live within the predefined constraints, and the affected class will then pass the predefined constraints on to future generations. It is imperative to understand that social inequality is a result of social stratification, which according to
When thinking about social institutions and how they shape society, it becomes clear that they have a very large role in maintaining inequality. The very nature of social institutions make them very hard to change and when an institution begins based on, or allowing for inequality, it can be extremely difficult for things to change.
It is important to identify each factor and analyze how they act in conjunction to produce an overall culture of inequality. That is to say, you cannot understand the full extent to which someone suffers without knowing how each aspect builds up off each other. To start, legal divisions of gender are the most devastating. Not only do they enforce gender standards but they feed the social outlook by saying that the nation as a whole devalues a certain person. Things as simple as the right to vote enable the voiceless to become voiced and actually have visibility in day to day affairs. This allows subjugated groups to make changes in their communities and in effect, social reform. Economic divisions also play a major factor because money runs our world whether we like to believe it or not. With wealth comes opportunity and privileges. If women are deemed unfit for certain jobs, they can never amount to anything without relying on others which feeds into the common stereotype that women are inferior. The social inequality works off both of these facets. If women are not active politically or able to have a strong presence financially, they will not have the social image to gain equality. This idea plays both ways in and endless cycle. That is to say, you need the social opinions of acceptance to be able to pursue something; this is where the idea of the brave comes in because there are those who dare to venture out of social norms. However, if you exist in a society where you are expected to become a wife or preform more “empathetic” activities you will not be able to become a doctor, politician or scientist. This is not due mainly to eligibility or opportunity but also the fact that you are brainwashed into becoming content with you only have certain jobs available according to
Obvious inequalities could be a wage gap, the likelihood of a male getting a promotion over a female, and the treatment of the women in forms of work-related help, or gender based discrimination. A largely undetected form of inequality in the workplace and in society is the language usage. Examples of this being things like ‘you throw like a girl’; ‘don’t be such a girl’ and other phrases that just generally call anyone who is emotional or weak a female or female like. This use of language very subtly makes women and the gender a joke, it makes them actually be considered lesser, and it affects the way that women look at themselves and how women limit themselves without even realizing
Social inequality is a problematic phenomenon that occurs all around the world and affects both the developed and developing nations. It is defined as “the unequal distribution of social, political and economic resources within a social collective” (van Krieken et al. 2013, p. 205). Inequality is closely connected with social stratification, a system of social hierarchy that positions individuals and groups into categories according to social variables such as class or ethnicity (van Krieken et al. 2013, p. 485). This stratification has a significant impact on the opportunity that an individual may have to move up the hierarchy of inequality (Gill 2017a).
Throughout this course, we have discussed how the differences in the social construction of gender, race, class, and sexuality have led to discrimination and inequality of those classified under a variety of these categories. Through understanding the significance of these social constructs on society it becomes apparent the intersectionality they have when it comes to understanding why certain groups may face discrimination or inequality. This paper examines gender inequality and how the social construction of gender makes it difficult for the pursuit of equality amongst genders.
Gender, ethnicity, and race inequalities and the issues surrounding them in the workplace have been on the forefront of society’s mind for decades. The problem of inequality in the workplace has become one of the most important and vital issues in our society today. In order to understand fully the reasons for these inequalities, one must try to understand the factors that cause gender, ethnicity, and racial issues within the workplace, yet in this case, we will tend to focus mostly towards gender inequality in the workplace. One typically thinks locally
In briefly evaluating the classical and modern explanations of social inequality, it is essential that we step outside the realm of our own lives, class position, and discard any assumptions we might have about the nature of inequality. This process of critical pedagogy allows us to view our world, not from our perspective, but from a wider, more critical analysis of inequality's nature. Also, it should be considered within this wider perspective that all theories of inequality have a class perspective, where the theorist, based on the position their theory takes, is making claims from (or for) a particular class (whether they want to or not). With this in mind, it seems that most of these theories come
Society holds many structures that mould human performance and produce opportunities for some, but inequalities for others (Morrall, 2009). These structures in society are organized by the hierarchies of class, ethnicity and gender (Crossman, 2016). Due to having a society based on hierarchies, social inequalities are inevitable. Social inequality refers to the ways in which a group or individual of a certain social position may receive unequal opportunities or distribution of ‘goods’ such as education, income, living conditions and healthcare (Walker, 2009). These unequal opportunities may be given to someone because of their ethnicity, gender, income, religion or social class (Walker, 2009). For example, people in a high social class will be able to pay for their children to go to a good private school for a good education, whereas lower-class or working class people will struggle to afford the same education.