Essay on BIO 310 Homework 3

933 WordsApr 1, 20154 Pages
Cell Division and the Cell Cycle 1) Define the following terms: Meiosis The production of daughter cells that have one half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell. It enables organisms to reproduce sexually. Mitosis The production of two daughter cells that are identical to the parent cell. Parent cell=haploid, daughter cell=haploid. Parent cell=diploid, daughter cell=diploid. Chromosome A structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells, which carry genetic information in the form of genes. Haploid The term used when a cell has only one set of chromosomes. Diploid The term used when a cell has two sets of chromosomes. 2) What is the difference between homologous chromosomes and sister…show more content…
There is a vaccine that removes or prevents a certain virus which can cause cancer. If the source is eliminated, then technically speaking, there is a vaccine for cancer. 6) What is ‘herd immunity’ and how does it apply to this vaccine? Herd immunity is the notion that the vaccination of a certain number of people in a population gives a measure of protection for the rest of the community. With the HPV vaccine, doctors are hoping to give males the same vaccine as females in order to control and regulate the chance of someone getting HPV which can cause cervical cancer. 7) What are some arguments in favor and against mandatory vaccinations? One argument in favor of mandatory vaccinations include immunization from the virus itself. Most arguments are against the issue and they include: the price of the vaccine itself, side effects (including short-term and long-term effects), and social stigma. Also note that on October 6, 2008, the 2008 Nobel Prize for Medicine was won for the discovery (in part) that HPV causes cancer. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/10/081006093031.htm Mendelian Inheritance This one will require a good deal of thought and sections 9.16, 9.17 and 9.18 may help You have a true breeding line of red-haired and red-eyed rabbits and a true breeding line of green-haired and green-eyed rabbits. From previous experience you know that hair color is controlled by one gene with the red allele dominant to the green allele and that eye

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