Decent Essays
Baobab is the common name for a species of trees, called Andasonia, which has nine different species. Six of these live in the dry parts of Madagascar, two in Africa and one in Australia. The baobab is Madagascar’s national tree. These type of trees reach heights of 5 to 30 meters and have a trunk diameter of 7 to 11 meters. The trunk is so big that it could hold up to 120,000 liters of water. For nine months of the year, the tree has no leaves. Baobabs usually have pretty long lives as well. It is known as the tree of life and considered by some to be sacred, because it provides shelter, clothing, food and water for all living things living around it. The leaves are used as condiments and medicine, the stem is fire resistant and is used to…show more content…
It has a population of twenty-two million inhabitants, and its capital is
Antananarivo. It’s the world’s fourth largest island, after Greenland, New Guinea, and
Borneo. The official languages are French and Malagasy.
The baobab can be mostly found in Madagascar’s savannas. It has adapted to the savanna biome by only producing leaves during the wet season. When they actually grow, you can immediately notice that they are really small. The small size of the leaves helps the baobab limit water loss. Another adaptation that enables the baobab tree to survive the long months of drought is its ability to store water in its trunk.
Like we all know, the baobab is an endangered species in high risk of extinction.
According to some researches, two of Madagascar’s baobab tree species will lose much of their available habitat in the next 70 years because of climate change and human development. One species may not survive to the next century. The baobab tree is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List since 1998.
So, to preserve the biodiversity in Madagascar’s savannas, some specific actions have to be carried out. Baobabs are threatened especially by fire, and are at risk right now. Some companies are already working on the monitoring of individual baobab
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