Background Information Of The Reformation And Definition

961 Words Nov 20th, 2015 4 Pages
Background Information of the Reformation and Definition

The Protestant Reformation, known simply as “The Reformation,” began in 1517 with Martin Luther’s publication of the 95 Theses. Major players in this pivotal point in European history included Christian humanists such as Desiderius Erasmus, the Kings of France and England, the Holy Roman Emperors and at the center of it all; the Catholic Church. Luther’s publication of the 95 Theses, its’ rapid dissemination due to the technological advance of the printing press (1440), and a European population of lay Christians, Royalty, and Clergy alike primed to take on the excess and singular religious hold of the Catholic Church, created a firestorm of change that swept throughout Europe and significantly changed the practices of the Catholic Church. According to a current publication of PBS.org, Martin Luther “plunged a knife into the heart of an empire that had ruled for a thousand years, and set in motion a train of revolution, war and conflict that would reshape Western civilization, and lift it out of the Dark Ages.”
Desiderius Erasmus (1466-1563) was a Dutch born scholar who actively supported the Northern Renaissance philosophy of Christian Humanism. Christian Humanism “emphasized human dignity, beauty, and potential, and reacted against the religious authoritarianism of the Catholic Church” by using “the principles of classical learning to focus on biblical studies, theology, and the importance of individual…
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