Essay on Background Information of Food Borne Illnesses

1643 Words7 Pages
Background Information of Food Borne Illnesses Food borne illnesses are occurring world wide with greater frequency than ever before and as a result, food safety is becoming an increasingly important public health issue. Governments all over the world are intensifying their efforts to improve food safety. Food borne illnesses are diseases, usually either infectious or toxic in nature, caused by agents that enter the body through the ingestion of food. "In industrialized countries, the percentage of people suffering from food borne diseases each year has been reported to be up to 30%. In the United States of America, for example, around 76 million cases of food borne diseases, resulting in 325,000 hospitalizations and 5,000 deaths, are…show more content…
The onset of salmonellosis is twelve to thirty six hours (CDC). Once consumed, salmonella bacteria inhabit the small intestine where they live and multiply throughout the duration of infection averaging two to seven days (CDC). Various symptoms include fever, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps, and headache (CDC). Salmonella bacteria invade the intestinal wall, where they trigger inflammation. They also produce irritating intestinal poisons. In some rare cases, Salmonella bacteria may enter the bloodstream and settle in tissues and organs far away from the intestines. This spread of Salmonella infection is most common in infants, in the elderly, and in patients whose immune defenses are weakened. Infants, pregnant women, the elderly, and people with compromised immune systems are at a greater risk of falling ill from salmonella in the first place (Foodbourne 10). Unfortunately, there is not much that can be done to treat salmonella. While plagued by salmonella, bodily fluids will come out of both ends (BBC). It is important to get lots of rest, and not exert yourself strenuously. (Foodbourne 4). This will give your body the ability to devote more of its resources towards your immune system in an effort to get you healthy again. Occasionally, if someone is having difficulty recovering on their own, a doctor may prescribe antibiotics
Open Document