Background of Study(Tuberculosis)

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Background of the study Drugs, treatment and services are rendered to prevent and cure different diseases that are fatal like cancer, stroke and tuberculosis. The interventions of health care are needed in order to decrease the mortality and morbidity rate. Greater effort in maintaining health must be practiced to live a healthier and longer life. Tuberculosis is still a great challenge to humankind, because since then, there have been many drugs that are available at an affordable price, prevention is not that costly, but there are still people who are dying because of tuberculosis. The Philippines ranks ninth on the list of 22 high-burden tuberculosis (TB) countries in the world, according to the World Health Organization’s…show more content…
The researchers choose the topic because prevention is very important especially in the congested cells where contagious disease are easily transmitted and prevention will not take place if there is no or little knowledge. We choose Bureau of Jail management and Penology (BJMP) Dagupan City Jail because when we were exposed there during our community duty, we discovered that some inmates at the infirmary cell are positive of tuberculosis. This is hazardous because cell is congested and the transmission of the disease is investable. Theoretical Framework This study is based on Health Belief Model by Hochbaum, Rosenstock and Kegels. The model postulates that health-related behavior is influenced by a person’s perception of a threat posed by a health problem and the value associated with actions aimed at reducing the threat. It proposes that the person’s health-related behavior depends on the person’s perception of four critical areas: the severity of potential illness, the benefits of taking a preventive action, and the barriers to taking that action(Nursing Theories, 2010). This study is related to the model mentioned above because the study aims to help the inmates and officers to have further insights or appropriate perceptions regarding tuberculosis so that they may take appropriate actions to prevent the acquisition of the disease and to those have tuberculosis already will prevent the spread and transmission of the disease. It is
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