Baltimore Symphony Orchestr The Only Major American Orchestra
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Baltimore Symphony Orchestra: Founded in 1916, the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra is the only major American orchestra originally established as a branch of the municipal government. It was later reorganized as a private institution in 1942. The orchestra’s primary venue is the Joseph Meyerhoff Symphony Hall, with the Music Center at Strathmore in Bethesda as a secondary; making it the nation’s first orchestra with year-round venues in two metropolitan areas. The ensemble performs more than 130 concerts a year and has had 89 world premiere and 42 commissioned works since its founding.
The first conductor of the Symphony was Gustav Strube (1917 – 30), followed by George Siemonn (1930-35), Ernest Schelling (1935-37), Werner Janssen (1937-390, Howard Barlow (1939-42), Reginald Stewart (1942-52), Massimo Freccia (1952-59), Peter Herman Adler (1959- 68), Sergiu Comissiona (1969-84), David Zinman (1985-98), Yuri Temirkanov (1999-2006), and Marin Alsop (2007- present)
The orchestra has achieved success through its various Grammy awards and many recordings such as Dvořák cycle of Symphonies No. 6 through 9, works by Gershwin including Rhapsody in Blue and the Piano Concerto, Bartók’s Concerto for Orchestra, Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta, and Mahler’s Symphony No. 1.
“The BSO made musical history in September 2007, when Maestra Marin Alsop led her inaugural concerts as the Orchestra’s 12th music director, making her the first woman to head a major American orchestra. With