Ban Increasing Independence With Limits

1648 Words Sep 19th, 2014 7 Pages
Allow Increasing Independence with Limits
Much research shows that adolescents do best when parents set reasonable, age-appropriate rules and expectations, and follow through with reasonable consequences for breaking rules (Simpson, 2001). Clearly stated rules and predictable consequences for breaking rules are especially important in the area of risky behavior. To the extent that it has been tested among AI youth the principle still applies. For example, Lonczak et al. (2007) found that more limit setting predicted less substance use among 13-19 year old AI / Alaskan Native youth. AI adolescents who use alcohol also report fewer parental sanctions against alcohol use than AI youth who are non-users (Oetting et al., 1988; Swim,
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Although “community connection” is not often explicitly studied among AI samples specifically, in one recent study, AI adolescents who reported having non-parental adult role models were significantly less likely to have had sexual intercourse (Oman, Vesely, Aspy, Tolma,, Rodine, Marshall, & Fluhr, 2006). In another extensive study of adolescent sexuality, AI teenagers expressed that one reason for early sexual activity is a lack of connection to their family and cultural community (Kaufman et al., 2007). A stronger sense of community has also been associated with more positive affect in AI adolescents (Kenyon & Carter, 2011). Thus, AI parents can help their adolescent children by encouraging and facilitating engagement in community. More specifically, engagement and pride in one’s cultural community, addressed next, might be especially positive for AI youth.
Cultural and Racial Socialization: The Importance of Cultural Identity and Pride
In general, adolescents and adults from minority groups benefit from pride in their heritage and culture (e.g., Albright & LaFromboise, 2010; Harris-Britt, Valrie, Curtz-Costes, & Rowley; Unger, 2014; Walters & Simoni, 2002). Although there is limited research on cultural and ethnic identity of AI youth (Kenyon & Carter, 2011), a positive ethnic or cultural identity – or
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