Bandura 's Theory Of Self Efficacy And Skinners Theory

975 Words Sep 28th, 2015 4 Pages
Discussion of Adult Learning Theory
The two theories that will be discussed in this paper are Bandura’s theory of self-efficacy and Skinners theory of operant conditioning. An overview of both theories will be analyzed. Then, both theories will be compared and contrasted. Finally, professional application of these theories will be discussed.
Bandura’s Theory
Bandura’s social cognitive theory hightlights the role of observational learning, social experience, and reciprocal determinism on learning (Cherry, 2005). Bandura believed that an individual 's behavior influences and is influenced by both the social world and personal characteristics. According to Cherry, (2005) the central concept of Bandura’s theory is the theory of self-efficacy. Self-efficacy is belief in your own abilities to succeed. This not only plays a role in how you feel about yourself but how you learn and achieve your goals. Bandura believed that observational learning could not occur unless cognitive processes were at work.
According to Resnick (2013) Bandura believed that individuals are more likely to take on a modeled behavior if the behavior results in outcomes that they value and the behavior is functional. Also, individuals are more likely to adopt a modeled behavior if the person being modeled is similar to the observer and the observer admires the model.
Some examples of how Bandura’s social cognitive theory is used include its application in health behavior change and in cognitive and behavioral…
Open Document