Bank Regulation Essay

2656 Words11 Pages
Bank Regulation Before the advent of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) in 1933 and the general conception of government safety nets, the United States banking industry was quite different than it is today. Depositors assumed substantial default risk and even the slightest changes in consumer confidence could result in complete turmoil within the banking world. In addition, bank managers had almost complete discretion over operations. However, today the financial system is among the most heavily government- regulated sectors of the U.S. economy. This drastic change in public policy resulted directly from the industry’s numerous pre-regulatory failures and major disruptions that produced severe economic and social…show more content…
Differences in banking regulations across borders permit the most efficient channeling of funds from lenders to borrowers, leading to increased investment and thus increased GDP. Therefore it is imperative that policy makers prudently evaluate the possible consequences and benefits of harmonized banking regulations, as demonstrated by similar regulations instituted domestically, before any such endeavor is embarked upon. During the 1930s, the most prominent reason for U.S. banking regulation was to prevent bank panics and more economic disaster like those that had been experienced during the Great Depression. Later deregulation and financial innovation in industrialized countries during the 1980s eroded banks monopoly power, thus weakening their banking systems and seeming to embody the fears of post-Depression policy makers who instituted regulation in the first place. Fear that individual bank failures could spread across international borders creates pressure to harmonize bank regulation worldwide. One advocate suggests that universal banking, at least for industrialized countries with internationally active banks, would “level the playing field” by eliminating competitive advantages created by government subsidies. Although this is a valid point, one of the major driving forces behind the globalization of the banking world is the ability of banks to take
Open Document