Barbie. history Essay

1679 Words May 7th, 2012 7 Pages
Barbie
Purpose statement: The purpose of this speech is to inform the audience about Barbie.

INTRODUCTION:
I. Did you know in every second of everyday, two Barbie dolls are sold somewhere in the world?
A. Barbie was invented in 1959 by Ruth Handler.
B. She was introduced to the world at the American Toy Fair in New York City.
II. Barbie has been an important part of the toy fashion doll market for fifty years.
A. She has been the subject of numerous controversies and lawsuits, often involving parody of the doll and lifestyle.
B. In recent years, Barbie has faced increasing competition from the Bratz range of dolls.

BODY:
I. History
A. Ruth Handler watched her daughter Barbara at play with paper dolls
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III. Controversies
A. Barbie's popularity ensures that her effect on the play of children attracts a high degree of scrutiny. The criticisms leveled at her are often based on the assumption that children consider Barbie a role model and will attempt to emulate her.
1. One of the most common criticisms of Barbie is that she promotes an unrealistic idea of body image for a young woman, leading to a risk that girls who attempt to emulate her will become anorexic. A standard Barbie doll is 11.5 inches tall, giving a height of 5 feet 9 inches at 1/6 scale. Barbie's vital statistics have been estimated at 36 inches (chest), 18 inches (waist) and 33 inches (hips). According to research by the University Central Hospital in Helsinki, Finland, she would lack the 17 to 22 percent body fat required for a woman to menstruate. In 1965 Slumber Party Barbie came with a book entitled How to Lose Weight which advised: "Don't eat." The doll also came with pink bathroom scales reading 110 lbs., which would be around 35 lbs. underweight for a woman 5 feet 9 inches tall. In 1997 Barbie's body mold was redesigned and given a wider waist, with Mattel saying that this would make the doll better suited to contemporary fashion designs.
2. In March 2000 stories appeared in the media claiming that the hard vinyl used in vintage Barbie dolls…