Barbiturates, Benzodiazepines

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History The history of depressants stretches back thousands of years. Alcohol, the prototypical depressant, was consumed by humans as early as 10,000 B.C., as established by the discovery of beer jugs from the late Stone Age. Other natural depressants such as opium also have ancient origins. Historically, barbiturates in particular have been used as "truth serums" because people under the influence of these drugs often speak without thinking Classifications Depressants can be divided into three main groups: barbiturates, benzodiazepines and sleep medications. Barbiturates are used to treat seizure disorders and surgical procedures. Benzodiazepines are used to treat acute stress reactions, panic attacks, convulsions and sleep disorders. Sleep…show more content…
Narcolepsy is when patients suddenly and uncontrollably fall asleep. Depressants are also used for anesthesia like benzodiazepines and barbiturates which are effective as sedatives. By depressing brain activity, these depressants are able to help patients fall asleep. Barbiturates can be used to treat sleep disorders, as can benzodiazepines. Because both medications can take hours to get out of the body, however, another class of medications has been developed for the treatment of sleep disorders. Zolpidem and eszopiclone are two different medications that can treat only some of the parts of the brain that respond to benzodiazepines. Depressants can also be used medically as anticonvulsants. Anticonvulsants work to lower the overall activity in the brain, thus helping prevent the abnormal electrical…show more content…
Depressants could be used with other drugs to add other drugs’ high or to deal with their side effects. Often abusers take higher doses than people taking the drugs under a doctor’s supervision for therapeutic purposes. Depressants like GHB and Rohypnol are also misused to facilitate sexual
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