Barriers to Effective Communication Essay

1046 Words Sep 19th, 2013 5 Pages
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Barriers to Effective Communication
University of Phoenix
CJA/304

Barriers to Effective Communication Effective communication is a complex phenomenon that involves the verbal and nonverbal components in their cooperation. The main target of communicational process is transmission of information when the sending party wants the recipient to decode the message in the same way as it is coded. Nevertheless, the communicational process consists of the various components that may become the barriers for understanding. The workers of the law enforcement and criminal justice facilities also may face some problems that are connected with communicational problems and thus they need to dedicate special attention to various elements of
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Communication consists of the verbal and nonverbal elements that can convey either similar or different messages. The verbal communication consists of the actual words, the language the tone of a communicant as well as the pitch of the voice and pace of the speech. Body language can refer to the verbal communication but it can be determined as the group of nonverbal elements. Among the nonverbal elements of communication there are kinesics, facial expressions, eye movements, gestures, and any signs of hesitation. These elements of paralanguage constitute an important part of the process of communication and can either help or hinder communicants. In the process of communication there can be differentiated the processes of listening and hearing. Listening can refer to the recipient`s attempt to hear the message; however, this process can be affected by various distractions or disability to understand the message. The human brain has the ability to concentrate on the certain elements to which the attention of the listener is dedicated (Horowitz, 2012). When the brain of the listener does not control the process of communication the part of the message can be lost; as a result the decoded message differs from the encoded one and the process of communication loses its full efficiency. Hearing the message involves the maximum attention to the words and nonverbal cues of the sender. Finally, when the recipient not only
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