Barriers to Successful Implementation of Advanced Manufacturing Technologies Within Small and Medium Industries in Kenya

5776 WordsJan 4, 201124 Pages
BARRIERS TO SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION OF ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES WITHIN SMALL AND MEDIUM INDUSTRIES IN KENYA Jacob Luballo Muyoyo Department of Computer Studies Kenya Technical Teachers College P.O. Box 44600 Nairobi - (0)20 7120212, 0729994440 E-mail:Luballomuyoyo@yahoo.com ABSTRACT Small and medium scale industries (SMIs) are increasing under pressure to adopt advanced manufacturing technologies (AMTs) to survive or be competitive. Previous studies suggest that AMTs can diffuse in SMIs that adopt new ways of thinking, have a workforce with higher level of skills, a flexible organizational structure and inculcate a new culture in managing, training and planning of the manufacturing technologies. However, in Kenya…show more content…
1991; Rishel and Burns, 1997; Mechling Pearce and Busbin1995). Properly executed this improved capability results in greater customers satisfaction and lower manufacturing operating costs (Cleland, Bidanda and Chung,1995). Godwin et al. (1995) emphasizes that these manufacturing technologies have the potential to improve production performance dramatically and create vital business opportunities for companies capable of successfully implementing and managing them. Further, they can provide distinctive advantages in cost and process leadership. It may be argues that for the small and medium scale industries (SMIs) in Kenya , the implementation of AMT is necessary if they are to face the challenges of globalization and to ensure their future survival. A central theme in this study is that their potential to help SMIs to compete under these circumstances may only be realized by addressing organizational challenges facing SMIs in their implementation of AMTs. Several studies have highlighted that there is a clear need for organizations to change alongside the technology, and failure to effect this will likely result in inferior system performance (Bessant, 1993; Voss, 1988) . For instance, Rosnah et al. (2003) reported the level of AMT implemented in the SMIs are low and maybe due to the lack of understanding of the ways in which AMT can help them. As the full potential of AMTs can only be realized if it is properly executed and managed, the objective of this

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