Basal Cell carcinoma is one of the most frequently occurring forms of cancer. Approximately 2.6 million cases of Basal Cell cancer are diagnosed yearly in the United States. There are 4 warning signs of BBC including: open sore, shiny bump, pink growth, or red patch. BBC occurs most often in areas that are most exposed to the sun such as, face, neck, scalp, shoulders, and back. This disease can also create tumors on many parts of the body. People at high risks are those that have red or blonde hair, and blue or green eyes. This is due to more light hitting skin through a lighter color such as blonde. The elderly tend to have a higher risk of basal Cell due to a weaker skin fragment from aging. But recently most diagnoses have been patients between the ages of 20-40, most being positioned for work in the outdoors.
Skin cancer can manifest in a number of ways. The three main types are basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and melanoma. BCC and SCC are known as non-melanoma skin cancers, while melanoma is the deadliest of the three. Other, non-major and rare types of skin cancer include Merkel cell tumors and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans.
Cells are constantly getting instructions from chromosomes to divide. Cancer forms when cells get instructions incorrectly and begin dividing too much and cells do not get a message to stop making cells so they continue to divide. When cells grow out of control, a tumor forms. A tumor that is malignant does spread.
Skin cancer is the most common out of all cancers. About 3.5 million cases are basal and squamous cells. Melanoma a more dangerous skin cancer had 73,000 cases in 2015.The most common types of skin cancer are basal, melanoma and squamous cell skin carcinoma. Basal a type of skin cancer that begins in the basal cells. Melanoma the most serious type of skin cancer. Squamous cell skin carcinoma a form of skin cancer that develops in the cells of the outer layer of the skin. Skin cancer begins in the cells that make up the epidermis. When the DNA that controls the cells growth is damaged, it causes an overgrowth and build up of skin cells. Eventually, this skin cell buildup forms a tumor, which results in the symptoms you see. Some causes of skin cancer are sun, solar radiation, ultraviolet tanning
Cancer is a disease that has resulted in one in four deaths each year in the U.S. This illness can be defined as a uncontrollable spread of growing abnormal cancerous cells. The cells of the illness grows bigger than the average cells nucleus. After it does this the cells continues to divide and spread then forming rumors.
In 2011, there was an estimated 65,647 patients diagnosed with melanoma, and 9,128 deaths from melanoma in the United States. Rates for new melanoma of the skin have been rising on average 1.8% each year from 2002 to 2011. It has been estimated that 1 in 75 persons born in the year 2000 will develop melanoma of the skin during their lifetime. Like most cancers, the outcome of melanoma depends on the stage at diagnosis, which makes the early detection and treatment of melanoma important. However, in the United States approximately 80% of biopsies performed in a primary care setting are benign. Technologies such as RCM may have the ability to reduce invasive diagnostic procedures such as a biopsy or excision associated with
Then you have the Basal Cell Carcinoma This is the most common but least dangerous form of skin cancer. It grows slowly, usually on the head, neck and upper torso. It may appear as a lump or dry, scaly area. It maybe red, pale or pearly in colour. As it grows, it may ulcerate or appear like a sore that fails to completely heal or one that does heal but then breaks down again.
According to the article that talks about basal cell carcinoma, it says that this skin cancer originates from basal keratinocytes in the top layer of the skin, better known as the epidermis. Sometimes these tumors
It is believed that the amount of exposure of the skin to the sun before the age of 20 is actually the determining risk factor for melanoma. Basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin cancer and tends to only spread locally. Squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common skin cancer, and it can spread to other parts of the body, although not as commonly as melanoma. The risk of getting basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma is determined by a person 's lifetime exposure to UV radiation and the person 's pigment protection.
Early detection and examinations are vital to prevent skin cancer. More people are concerned about skin cancer because it can lead to death. Routine full body skin examination at the Dermatologist office, will determine if there is a concern or not. If there is a concern, a routine biopsy will be performed and the tissue will be sent to a Pathologist to be examined under the microscope. If the pathology report comes back with a skin cancer, such as, Atypical, Basal-Cell Carcinoma, Squamous-Cell Carcinoma and Melanoma, it would need further attention. Typically, additional tissue removal would be needed, such as, an excision or Mohs Surgery to remove the skin cancer.
On the surface, It could often appear as an open wound or small shiny bump. As the lesion enlarges it could develop a central depression and beaded edge. Basal cell carcinoma rarely spreads or becomes bigger (metastasizes) (Saladin, 2018).